Löysin yhden aika mielenkiintoisen englanninkielisen artikkelin Karibian chileistä. Yrittävät tehdä jonkinverran kattavaa geenipankkia vissiin. Joka tapauksessa artikkelissa on mielenkiintoista tietoa mm. chinensistä, joita Karibialla riittää.
The most popular landrace in the region is 'Scotch Bonnet' (yellow and red pod types) from Jamaica. In Trinidad the main landraces are a highly variable 'Congo Pepper', 'Paramin Flavour Pepper' and the 'Scorpion'. The 'Congo Pepper' has numerous subtypes, such as the popular 'Faria', 'Seven Pod', 'Hood' etc. The important cultivated landraces in Barbados include 'Barbados Brown', 'Bonnie Pepper' and 'Barbados Seasoning'. In Dominica the most popular landrace is referred to as 'Bonda Ma Jacque', while in Guyana the popular ones are 'Wiri Wiri' (yellow and red pod types), 'Tiger Teeth' and 'Ball 'O Fire'. Similarly, the known landraces in Antigua are Peggy Mouth and Red Flat. In Guadeloupe and Martinque the important landraces are referred to as Sudan, Touvin and Aubrey. In Puerto Rico the most popular land race is Rocotillo and in Cuba it is Yellow or Red Habañero.
The results of the test of pungency levels of Caribbean landraces are presented in Table-1. Generally, pungency levels were higher in fully mature peppers than at the immature stage. Scorpion scored the highest pungency rating of all cultivars. The pungency levels of the super hot pepper group of the Caribbean far exceeds that reported for Habenero peppers which is around 250,000 Scoville Units. Since the pungency levels are affected to a large extent by the environment in which they are grown (harsher environments yielding hotter peppers), any comparison should be made with this caveat. The high pungency levels of Caribbean peppers provide great promise in developing industries in the Caribbean based on the use of capsaicinoids such as pepper spray and medications. This would further expand the market for pepper growers.